The Economic Perspective: “Immigration and Population Growth”

This is Mary Walden with economist MW welcoming you to the economic perspective.  Today’s program looks at immigration and population growth.  Mike, a recent report from the U.S. Census Bureau shows that immigration is now contributing as much to the nation’s population growth as increases from domestic births.  What are the reasons for this as well as the implications?

Mike:  Summary Answer

  1. Big change from a decade ago when immigration accounted for one-fourth of nation’s population growth
  2. Two reasons  – continuing immigration –about 1 million annually, with the largest number coming from Asia
  3. Second reason is low birth rates – 2017 was a record low
  4. Of course, debate over social and cultural implications
  5. But economically, immigration is helping sustain labor force growth
  6. In NC, there are a couple counties downeast as well as in the Triad where population growth has mainly been driven by immigration
  7. I’m MW


Mary:  And I’m Mary Walden for the Economic Perspective, an NC State Extension program from the Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.