Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus results in acute outbreaks of severe diarrhea in a swine herd. Death loss can be significant in young pigs. If a pork producer suspects PEDV in a herd, testing is recommended. Pork Checkoff Director of Swine Health Research and Information, Dr. Lisa Becton explains:
"I would recommend that you get a hold of you're herd veterinarian immediately. They can help you as far as what samples to take, how best to take those and what lab to get those submitted to. Right now, most of the laboratories that are doing most of our swine work, have those testing capabilities to identify that virus. There's been a very active effort among the swine diagnostic labs to share information, share the testing capabilities. So, it's just a matter of working with your veterinarian to get the appropriate samples to the lab and get it diagnosed."
If PEDV is supected, the herd veterinarian can provide input on dealing with the disease. Access to high-quality drinking water is one important recommendation:
"PED does cause a scour in the pigs, or diarrhea and what it does is attacks the lining, the cells, that line the intestines, so essentially the pigs get dehydrated. So, at least for the pig side you want to make sure you have a good water source for them. Also, from the flip-side, trailers and things like that from a biosecurity standpoint, you want to make sure that you have good, clean water to be able to flush out your trailers and trucks. You don't want to use recycled water, because a lot of times that virus can hang around in recycled water."
Supplementing the water with electrolytes may be helpful.
PEDV is not a disease worldwide, but it is a new issue within the United States. To hlep increase understanding about the virus, Becton is asking affected farms to take one extra step:
"If they do have a suspect case, is to submit their forms to the lab, but also include their premises ID. We're not trying to put a dot on the map, but it does help for dissease transmission purposes. And it does help us be able to tell how this disease is spreading, and also it may give us an idea of how this virus got in, how its moving around and how we can control it."
All information will remain confidential.